When Haryana Burnt: Religion, Politics and Lumpenism

The Failure of the Haryana Government

Why the Haryana government failed to ensure that the violence that Panchkula and Sirsa witnessed is more than merely a law and order question because law and order is as much a political as social question. As pointed out by courts despite section 144 thousands of supported marched into the city whereas we know that the few hundred workers trying to hold a meeting in the Honda compound were beaten up mercilessly and very often smaller sized marches by workers and civil society are repressed with utmost efficacy. In other words, the thousands who marched inside the city were allowed by the administration to sneak in knowing from past experiences of violence involving Rampal or much later the Jat reservation agitation unless Haryana government admits its inability to handle such incidents.

The administrative machinery has been lenient towards Dera Sacha Sauda because he has been providing them a vote bank. It was way back in 2014 that the Dera supported the BJP in Haryana and asked its supporters to vote for them. The BJP leaders even sought his blessings. The BJP and Shiromani Akali Dal (Badal) also found his support in Delhi elections in 2015. The pictures of Haryana Chief Minister and leaders like Kailash Vijayvargiya also pointed to the relationship that the present government had with him. In fact, the education minister of the state, Ram Bilas Sharma, defended the march of Dera supporters to Panchkula on grounds that the Dera supporters are peace loving. He, in fact, had donated Rs 51 lakh to the Dera recently. Anil Vij, the senior Minister of the Haryana government had given Dera Rs.50 lakh from his discretionary funds for promoting sports. Manish Grover, another Minister did lag behind and gave his some money from his discretionary fund. In other words, if the political party running the state has such a close relationship with the Dera it was impossible for the law and order machinery to act against them. The administration could only maintain the appearance of being on guard while allowing the mob build up in the otherwise quiet township.

The implications of such a politics are serious. We have seen in recent past how godmen have been charged with serious criminal charges and have been awaiting court judgements – ranging from Asaram to Rampal to Ram Rahim. It is important to note that these are are also extremely rich entities. For instance, the Dera’s income was Rs 165,248,455 in 2010-11; In the year 2011-12, it grew to Rs 202,099,999 and in the 2012-13, it touched Rs 290,818,760.

Once this money combines with the political connections it produces an extremely corrupt and deviational religious entity. A process of militarisation of such sects also start as we saw in case of Rampal and now in case of Ram Rahim, who is also one of the 36 people in India to get a VVIP status and Z level security. While such personalities must be held liable for their acts the political formations, which help them in building an empire based on sheer lumpenism and violence waiting beneath the appearance of quietude and solidarity, must also be held liable.

BJP’s Politics: Opposing Judiciary, Supporting Violence Against Women?

BJP has a history of its leaders coming out openly in support of chargesheeted godmen such as Uma Bharti’s defence of Asaram Bapu in 2013. Their understanding of women’s position was also clear when their leaders remarked that they must remain within their laxman rekha or that they must not wear jeans, etc. The events of August 25 are more or less a repetition of the same understanding within the party. With over twenty people killed in the first few hours after the judgement, the statement of the Haryana Chief Minister that some miscreants had infiltrated the followers was still an act of trying to save the Dera leader from further humiliation. Thankfully, the Punjab and Haryana High Court has been extremely proactive and ordered that all his properties be attached. Even in such a moment apart from the milder reaction of the Haryana Chief Minister the vocal BJP leader Sakshi Maharaj stood for the convicted godman. He not only put the onus of violence on the Court, which convicted Ram Rahim, but also indirectly meant that he should not have been convicted. His conviction appears to be an attack on India’s culture to the Member of Parliament.

The MP asks as to why was the voice of one person (meaning the complainant) given so much of importance when crores stand with him. The ramification of such a defence is also that the complaint filed by a woman in this highly patriarchal society should not be given as much as importance as the larger (patriarchal) society itself. Hence, let the oppression continue because it hurts the perpetrators. Now the question also remains that why does BJP and its progressive Beti Bachao Beti Padao rhetoric has space for such voices and such politics to coexist within itself. It may not be a rocket science to answer this question given the history ad politics of the Right but it needs to be answered by the ruling party in light of all its rhetorics and even other formations who have been patronising this phenomena as why would noboy came in defence of the women who for so long stuck to their complaints when powerful politician and officials were trying to pressurise the CBI official to drop the case.

What also needs to be understood is how such a huge following from the poor, marginalised section of society gets attracted towards such sects. It is more than the charisma of the person – it is also the larger political economy within this needs ot be located.

Photo courtesy: The Economic Times

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